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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳和堂、鍾明翰(2011)。國小實習教師的角色知覺、工作投入與專業成長之因果關係研究。教育心理學報,43(2),419-438。【Wu, H.-T., & Chung, M.-H. (2011). The causality among role perception, job involvement and professional growth. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 43(2), 419-438. 】"
  2. 吳家碧(2012)。體育教師的專業能力、工作動機與創意教學影響因素及現況之研究─以中區高中職為例。育達科大學報,33,191-206。【Wu, C.-P. (2012). Effects of professional capability, task motivation and creative teaching for high school physical educators. Yu Da Academic Journal, 33, 191-206.】"
  3. 李堅萍、游光昭、朱益賢(2008)。國中科技教育運用Teresa M. Amabile工作動機原則與自我效能激發策略之研究。新竹教育大學教育學報,25(2),129-159。【Lee, Z.-P., Yu, K.-C., & Chu, Y.-H. (2008). A study applying Teresa M. Amabile's task motivation principles and self-efficacy improvement strategies in middle school technology education. Educational Journal of NHCUE, 25(2), 129-159.】"
  4. 林生傳(2007)。資訊社會中的教師角色研究。教育學術彙刊,1(1),1-14。【Lin, S.-C. (2007). Construction and investigation on teacher role in an information society. Bulletin of Education Research, 1(1), 1-14.】"
  5. 林振春、秦秀蘭(2011)。成人教學者教學角色定位分析之研究。課程與教學季刊,14(2),161-192。【Lin, J.-C., & Chin, H.-L. (2011). The position analysis of adult teacher’s roles. Curriculum & Instruction Quarterly, 14(2), 161-192.】"
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佳琪(Chia-Chi Wang);何曉琪(Hsiao-Chi Ho)(2021)。想像與現實的交織:設計領域想像-創造歷程之建構。教育科學研究期刊。66(4)。245-280。 
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