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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余民寧、趙珮晴、陳嘉成(2010)。以社會認知生涯理論探討影響選擇數學職業意圖的因素。教育科學研究期刊,55(3),177-201。【Yu, M.-N., Chao, P.-H., & Chen, C.-C. (2010). Investigating the factors on mathematics career-choice intentions with the social cognitive career theory. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 55(3), 177-201. 】
  2. 林明地、陳威良(2010)。國小校長道德領導對學校組織文化與學生學習表現之影響。教育學刊,35,129-165。【Lin, M.-D., & Chen, W.-L. (2010). A study of the influence of elementarty school principals' moral leadership on school culture and students' learning performance. Educational Review, 35, 129-165. 】
  3. 林珊如、洪素蘋、黃宏宇(2008)。重要他人回饋影響創意生活經驗:以模式爭方式檢驗創意自我效能與創意動機的中介效果。教育心理學報,40(2),303-321。【Lin, S.-J., Hung, S.-P., & Huang, H.-U. (2008). Do significant others' feedback iinfluence one's creative bhavior? Using structural equation modeling to examine creativity self-efficacy and creativity motivation mediation effect. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 40(2), 303-321. 】
  4. 林蔚芳、游錦雲、李慧純、金樹人(2014)。社會認知因子對澳門青少年學校滿意度影響之研究-SCCT滿意度模式驗證。教育心理學報,46(1),27-49。【Lin, W.-F., Yu, C.-Y., Lee, H.,-C., & Jin, S.-R. (2014). Effects of social-cognitive factors on school satisfaction: An empirical validation of the scct satisfaction model in macau adolescents. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 46(1), 27-49. 】
  5. 陳素青、詹俊成、鄭志富(2013)。臺北市高中體育教師領導風格與班級氣氛對體育課學習動機之影響。體育學報,46(3),257-272。【Chan, S.-C., Chan, C.-C., & Cheng, C.-F. (2013). Effects of high school teacher's leadership style and classroom climate on student's motivation of attending physical education class in Taipei city. Physical Education Journal, 46(3), 257-272. 】
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