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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩嬛、黃毅志(2011)。原漢族群、家庭背景與高中職入學考試基測成績、教育分流:以臺東縣為例。教育科學研究期刊,56(1),193-226。【Lee, P.-H., & Huang, Y.-J. (2011). Aboriginals and Hans, family background and their relationship with the Basic Competence Test, and educational tracking: A study in Taitung. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 56(1), 193-226. 】
  2. 李仁豪、余民寧(2014)。臺灣中老年人外向性及神經質人格、社會支持與主觀幸福感關係之模型建構及其結構係數比較。教育心理學報,45(4),455-474。 【Li, R.-H., & Yu, M.-N. (2014). Modeling extraversion and neurotic personality, social support, and subjective well-being of the middle-aged and older people in Taiwan: Comparison of structural models. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 45(4), 455-474. 】
  3. 林忠正、黃璀娟(2009)。補習文化。人文及社會科學集刊,21(4),587-643。 【Lin, C.-C., & Huang, T.-C. (2009). Cram culture. Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy, 21(4), 587-643. 】
  4. 宋曜廷、邱佳民、劉欣宜、曾芬蘭、陳柏熹(2009)。以國中基本學力測驗成績探討班級規模效應。教育科學研究期刊,54(2),59-83。 【Sung, Y.-T., Chiou, J.-M., Liu, H.-Y., Tseng, F.-L., & Chen, P.-H. (2009). Investigating the class size effect in junior high schools through students’ Basic Competence Test scores. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 54(2), 59-83. 】
  5. 宋曜廷、周業太、吳佩璵、林秀珊、曾芬蘭(2010)。從學校本位評量省思臺灣擴大免試入學方案。教育科學研究期刊,55(2),73-113。 【Sung, Y.-T., Chou, Y.-T., Wu, P.-Y., Lin, H.-S., & Tseng, F.-L. (2010). A reflection of school-based assessment on the extended open admission program in Taiwan. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 55(2), 73-113. 】
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