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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁一顧(2014)。國小校長教練式領導與教師專業學習社群關係之研究。教育政策論壇,17(3),117-151。【Ting, Y.-K. (2014). A study on the relationship of principals coaching-based leadership and teachers professional learning community. Educational Policy Forum, 17(3), 117-151. 】
  2. 姜定宇、丁捷、林伶瑾(2012)。家長式領導與部屬效能:信任主管與不信任主管的中介效果。中華心理學刊,54(3),269-291。 【Jiang, D.-Y., Ding, J., & Lin, L.-C. (2012). The relationship between paternalistic leadership and subordinate effectiveness: The mediating effects of trust and distrust in the supervisor. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 54(3), 269-291. 】
  3. 紀家雄、陳木金(2013)。中小學校長以社會資本發展學校智慧資本之推動策略探討。學校行政雙月刊,88,17-34。 【Chi, C.-H., & Chen, M.-J. (2013). How can principals create strategies of intellectual capital from the practice of social capital in elementary and secondary schools. Journal of School Administration, 88, 17-34. 】
  4. 張文權、范熾文、陳成宏(2017)。國民中學校長績效責任領導困境與策略之研究:質性分析取徑。教育科學研究期刊,62(3),57-93。 【Chang, W.-C., Fan, C.-W., & Chen, C.-H. (2017). Difficulties facing the accountability leadership of junior high school principals and the strategies they employ: A qualitative approach. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 62(3), 57-93. 】
  5. 張德銳、王淑珍(2010)。教師專業學習社群在教學輔導教師制度中的發展與實踐。臺北市立教育大學學報,41(1),61-90。 【Chang, D.-R., & Wang, S.-J. (2010). The development and practice of teacher professional learning community in the mentor teacher program. Journal of University of Taipei, 41(1), 61-90. 】
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