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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王涵芸、廖益興(2016)。網路使用行為與學業成就之研究─以新竹市公立國小六年級學生為例。中華行政學報,18,75-95。【Wang, H.-Y., & Liao, I.-S. (2016). The correlation between internet behavior and academic achievement of the public sixth-grade students in Hsinchu City. The Journal of Chinese Public Administration, 18, 75-95. 】
  2. 吳佩芬、周倩(2016)。國小五年級網路資源合理使用之教學設計行動研究。教育科學研究期刊,61(4),147-176。【Wu, P.-F., & Chou, C. (2016). Development of instructions for fair use of internet resources for fifth graders: An action research. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 61(4), 147-176. 】
  3. 何惠凱(2015)。國小中年級學童網路使用行為與學習成就之相關研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學,高雄市。 【Ho, H.-K. (2015). A study on the relations among behavior of internet using and learning achievement in middle grade of elementary school (Unpublished master's thesis). National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. 】
  4. 林俊瑩(2016)。學科補習之動態變化對學習成就族群落差的影響:以屏東縣小學生為例。教育研究與發展期刊,12(4),23-56。 【Lin, C.-Y. (2016). Influence of dynamic changes in subject supplementary education on ethnic gap in learning achievement: A case of elementary school students in Pingtung County. Journal of Educational Research and Development, 12(4), 23-56. 】
  5. 曾明基(2017)。進行多層次建模最小可行的樣本數建議:貝氏模擬取向。教育研究與發展期刊,13(4),1-26。 【Tseng, M.-C. (2017). Sample size requirements of using multilevel models: Bayesian simulation study. Journal of Educational Research and Development, 13(4), 1-26. 】
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何慧卿(Huei-Chin Ho);高旭繁(Shu-Fang Kao)(2021)。高中生遊戲沉迷、網路沉迷與生活整體滿意度之研究-以家長對子女上網行為管教態度為調節變項。教育科學研究期刊。66(4)。35-67。 
  2. 洪榮昭(Jon-Chao Hong);葉貞妮(Jhen-Ni Ye);葉建宏(Jian-Hong Ye);王志美(Chih-Mei Wang);崔鈺婷(Yu-Ting Cui)(2021)。技術型高中學生的媽寶行為覺知、學業成就動機與手機成癮之相關研究。教育科學研究期刊。66(4)。1-33。 
  3. 曾明基(Ming-Chi Tseng)(2020)。學生認知歷程與背景變數對於學生評鑑教師的影響:潛在類別偏差校正與混合迴歸分析。教育科學研究期刊。65(3)。251-276。 
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