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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Lou, J. H.,Yu, H. Y.,Hsu, H. Y.,Dai, H. D.(2007).A Study of Role Stress, Organizational Commitment and Intention to Quit Among Male Nurses in Southern Taiwan.Journal of Nursing Research,15(1),43-52.
  2. 李逸(2004)。公共衛生護理人員工作壓力感受、因應策略與壓力結果之探討—以互動型工作壓力模式為架構。合灣衛誌,23(5),398-405。
  3. 陳國瑚、陳麗如、蘇喜(2006)。護理人員對護理工作認知與離職傾向之探討。合灣衛誌,25(3),177-188。
  4. 葉豐德、劉紫娟、柯瑞芬、陳進堂、王俊文(2004)。公立醫院非醫師正式人員與臨時約聘僱人員之激勵態度、工作滿意度與離職傾向研究—以某公立區域醫院為例。醫護科技學刊,6(3),243-259。
  5. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會(2010年1月6日)12月台閔護理人員統計‧2010年2月3日取自
Times Cited ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑倩(2014)。新進護理人員的生活經驗。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-72。 
  2. 許菀齡(2011)。工作特性、專業承諾及工作績效之相關性探討-以血液透析室及內科病房護理人員為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-82。 
  3. 劉寶珠(2012)。護理人員臨床工作所面臨的倫理困擾及其相關因素探討。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-84。 
  4. 楊佩瑄(Pei-Hsuan Yang);陳美杏(Mei-hsing Chen);陳麗琴(Lih-Chin Chen);林淑媛(Shu-Yuan, Lin)(2019)。醫學中心護理人員工作負荷感受及留任意願之相關因素探討。高雄護理雜誌。36(1)。1-11。 
  5. 姚美玉(2015)。從關懷座談探索新進護理人員需求之質性研究。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-47。 
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