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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 房振謙、林美惠、李慧珍、陳靜歆、薛雅惠(2008)。講述教學與討論教學應用於全球暖化議題教學成效之研究。社會科教育研究,13,153-182。
  2. 行政院環境保護署 (2010)‧全民 CO2 減量生活小撇步‧線上檢索日期:2010 年 6 月 25 日,網址:全民二氧化碳減量.pdf 。 [Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (2010). The whole nation works on CO2 reduction. Retrieved June 25, 2010, from全民二氧化碳減量.pdf]
  3. 呂莉莉 (2008)‧減碳新生活,你的綠指數有多少?線上檢索日期:2010 年 2 月 11 日,網址: [Lu, L. L. (2008). A new life of carbon reduction, how much of your index number of the green? Retrieved February 11, 2010, from]
  4. Brody, S. D.,Ryu, H.(2006).Measuring the educational impacts of a graduate course on sustainable development.Environmental Education Research,12(2),179-199.
  5. Brown, S. J.,Collins, A.,Duguid, P.(1989).Situated cognition and the vulture of learning.Educational Researcher,18(1),32-42.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖吉弘(2013)。影響消費者選擇低碳飲食因素之探討。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-107。 
  2. 陳怡芸(2013)。節能減碳創新教材對國小教師之增能成效分析 -以台中市大里區智類國小教師為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2013。1-132。
  3. 何佳潔(2013)。碳標籤標示對消費者綠色購買意願之影響:碳標籤有用嗎?。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2013。1-71。
  4. 林孟寬(2014)。農夫市集消費者對低碳飲食認知與行為意圖之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。
  5. 許夢吟(2016)。整合橘色與綠色科技觀點於智慧型教學場域節能產品設計開發之研究。樹德科技大學生活產品設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-134。
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