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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組(2005)‧台灣簡版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊。台北市:世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣問卷發展小組。[World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire Development Group of Taiwan Version of the Questionnaire (2005). Taiwan simplified version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire development and use of manual. Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire Development Group of Taiwan.]。
  2. 姚開屏 (2005)‧台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第二版)‧台北巿:世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣問卷發展小組。[Yao, K. B. (2005). Taiwan concise version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire development and use of manual (2nd Ed.). Taipei City, Taiwan ROC: World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire Development Group of Taiwan.]。
  3. 內政部統計處(2009 年, 1 月)‧九十八年第四週內政統計通報(97 年底人口結構分析)‧ 2011年 12 月 21 日,取自http://www. Aspx [Ministry of the Interior Department (2009, January). The internal affairs of the fourth week ended June Statistics Bulletin (97 by the end of population structure analysis). December 21, 2011 from http://www. moi gov. tw/stat/news_content. Aspx]
  4. 內政部統計處(2010 年, 6 月)‧九十九年第三十六週內政統計通報‧線上檢索日期:2011 年 12 月 21 日,網址: [Ministry of the Interior Department (2010, June). Internal affairs notification Statistics. Ninety-nine 36th weeks. Retrieved December 21, 2010, from]
  5. Belasco, A.,Sesso, R.(2002).Burden and quality of life of caregivers for hemodialysis patients.American Journal of Kidney Disease,39(4),805-812.
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林耕暉(Geng-Hui Lin);高綺吟(Chi-Yin Kao)(2020)。運用賦能概念協助照顧者照護失智晚期老人之護理經驗。高雄護理雜誌。37(1)。64-74。 
  2. 許郁姍(Yu-shan Hus);蕭佳莉(Chia-Li Hsiao);陳淑芳(Shu-Fang Chen)(2018)。一位長期臥床失智症病人及其外籍看護工之護理經驗。高雄護理雜誌。35(1)。104-115。 
  3. 黃郁超(2015)。外籍看護與家庭照顧者對接受居家照顧老人住院與死亡風險之差異。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-98。 
  4. 賴靜芬(2004)。職業災害上肢骨折個案研究 一、影響職業災害上肢骨折勞工復工相關因素之探討 二、影響職業災害上肢骨折勞工生活品質相關因素之探討。國立臺灣大學職業醫學與工業衛生研究所學位論文。2004。1-85。 
  5. 施景崴(Jing-Wei Shih);郭郡羽(Chun-Yu Kuo);熊乃歡(Nai-Huan Hsiung)(2022)。探究不同的教學語言及訓練教學方案對外籍照顧服務員口腔照護學習成效之影響。教育科學研究期刊。67(1)。63-93。 
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