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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Allison, M. T. (1988). Breaking boundaries and barriers: future directions in cross-cultural research. Leisure Sciences, 10, 247-259.
    2. Backman, S. J., & Crompton, J. L. (1990). Differentiating between active and passive discontinuers of two leisure activities. Journal of Leisure Research, 22.
    3. Blair, S.N., Kampert, J.B., Kohl, H.W., Barlow, C.E., Macera, C.A., Paffenbarger, R.S., & Gibbons, L.W. (1996). Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women. Journal of the American Medical Association, 276(3), 205- 210.
    4. Boothby, J., Tungatt, M. F., & Townsend, A. R. (1981). Ceasing participation in sports activity: reported reasons and their implications. Journal of Leisure Research, 13, 1-14.
    5. Bouchard, C. (2001). Physical activity and health: introduction to the dose-response symposium. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, S347-S350.
    Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳俊柏(2006)。P2P系統上之連續性Top-K查詢。清華大學資訊工程學系所學位論文。2006。1-27。 
    2. 黃騰毅(2010)。一個基於OWL-S語意網際服務組合的資料流測試方法。臺北科技大學資訊工程系研究所學位論文。2010。1-95。 
    3. 林秉毅(2009)。網格系統中時間限制的工作排程。臺灣大學資訊工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-26。 
    4. 謝明益(2007)。對應IP網路上的既時群播演算法。中央大學資訊工程學系學位論文。2007。1-155。
    5. 黎俊達(2012)。A method of spam detection based on structural similarity。中正大學資訊工程學系學位論文。2012。1-41。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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