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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余民寧、韓佩華(2009)。教學方式對數學學習興趣與數學成就之影響-以TIMSS 2003 臺灣資料為例。測驗學刊,56(1),19-48。
  2. 陳嘉成(2007)。區別高低分群學生數學成就因素的國際比較-以臺灣、南韓、澳洲與賽普勒斯的TIMSS 2003 學生背景變項為例。測驗學刊,54(2),377-401。
  3. 葉碧玲、葉玉珠、許錦雲、張國恩(2001)。國中生性別、年級、父母教育程度、批判思考與情緒智力之關係。教育心理學報,32(2),45-70。
  4. Atencio, D. J.(2004).Structured autonomy or guided participation? Constructing interest and understanding in a lab activity.Early Childhood Education Journal,31(4),233-239.
  5. Aunola, K.,Leskinen, E.,Nurmi, J. E.(2006).Developmental dynamics between mathematical performance, task motivation, and teachers' goals during the transition to primary school.The British Psychological Society,76,21-40.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭欣宜(2015)。學生校園安全觀感與家長參與對學科自信的影響-以TIMSS 2011資料庫為例。中興大學教師專業發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-531。 
  2. 孫偉程(2015)。大學生性態度量表構念效度驗證之研究─以台灣性學調查資料庫為例。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  3. 楊澄祥(2015)。影響國中生學習表現之因素的探討。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-91。 
  4. 蕭建華(2013)。介入自我效能對高一學生地球科學學習成效之影響。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2013。1-126。
  5. 鄭如萍(2014)。國中生數學學習興趣相關因素之探討。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。
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