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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Allman, P.(1984).Mutual aid universities.London:Croom Helm.
  2. Battersby, D.(1993).Developing an epistemology of professional practice within educational gerontology.Journal of Educational Gerontology,8(1),17-25.
  3. Battersby, D.(1985).Education in later life: What does it mean?.Convergence,18(1/2),75-81.
  4. Battersby, D.(1987).From andragogy to gerogogy.Journal of Educational Gerontology,2(1),4-10.
  5. Battersby, D.,Glendenning, F.(1992).Reconstructing education for older adults: An elaboration of the statement of first principles.Australian Journal of Adult and Community Education,32(2),115-121.
Times Cited ( 8 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳美滿(2006)。高職原住民學生學習態度之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-223。 
  2. 賴冠霖(2011)。一位偏遠地區國小教師將數學教科書轉化為運作課程之個案研究—以小三「分數的加減」單元為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  3. 沈湘縈(Hsiang-Ying Shen)(2015)。苗栗縣兒童生活樣貌與福利服務需求。中華管理發展評論。4(2)。57-70。 
  4. 李萍娜(Pyng-Na Lee);林聖曦(Sheng-Hsi Lin)(2013)。當原住民與漢人在教室相遇:不同族群背景的教師與幼兒在教室之言談。教育科學研究期刊。58(4)。165-195。 
  5. 蔡慧君(2002)。原住民知識精英之學校經驗與族群認同。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2002。1-152。
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