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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王家通(2004)。十年教改爭議癥結之探討。教育學刊,22,1-7。
  2. 林生傳(2004)。臺灣近期教育改革的透視與省思。教育學刊,23,1-36。
  3. 陳麗珠、鍾蔚起、林俊瑩、陳世聰、葉宗文(2005)。國民小學教師合理授課節數與員額編制之研究。教育學刊,25,25-50。
  4. Astone, N. M.,McLanhan, S. S.(1991).Family structure, parental practices and high school completion.American Sociological Review,56,309-320.
  5. Belfield, C. R.,Fielding, A.(2001).Measuring the relationship between resources and outcomes in higher education.Economic of Education Review,2(6),589-602.
Times Cited ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Lin, Da-Sen,Chuang, Chih-Chia(2017).The Trajectory of Cultural Taste: Influence of Intergenerational Educational and Class Mobility on Cultural Taste.教育科學研究期刊,62(3),193-223.
  2. 余明仁(2020)。勞動階級國小家長參與學校教育之研究。美和學報,38(2),67-82。
  3. 吳勁甫(2011)。校長領導對學校效能影響模式之探析。教育經營與管理研究集刊,7,1-25。
  4. 周子翔(2011)。臺北市與廣州市高學習成就高中生學習價值觀與學習策略之研究。資優教育研究,10(2),89-124。
  5. 張嘉芸,張芳全(2020)。馬公國中生家庭社經地位與英語學習成就之研究:三個英語學習動機中介變項為例。學校行政,128,120-154。
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