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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林錚、王儀旭、黃美瑤、陳宗麟(2006)。啟發性遊戲介入體育課對國中生創造思考之影響。北體學報,14,24-35。
  2. 蔡忠昌、劉蕙綾(2006)。運動對於腦部功能的影響:多上體育課會影響學業成績嗎?。大專體育,87,184-190。
  3. 鄭英耀、劉昆夏、張川木(2007)。國小自然科創造性問題解決教學效果之研究。科學教育學刊,15(5),565-591。
  4. (2006)。李乙明(2006)。陶倫斯創造思考測驗圖形版(修訂版)。臺北市:心理。[Li, I.-M. (2006). Torrance tests of creative thinking graphics version (E. P. Torrance, Rev.). Taipei, Taiwan: Psychological.]
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). How much physical activity do children need?, Retrieved from
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊雅婷、吳婉綺、江維鈞、王振興(2014)。行為改變策略暨雲端活動促進系統對女高中生身體活動之影響。體育學報,47(1),139-152。
  2. 謝清隆、郭世明、張翔、張佑安(2016)。依零時體育計畫實施晨光運動對國小學童健康體適能及課業學習之影響─以台中市西岐國小六年級生為例。健康科技期刊,3(2),21-39。
  3. (2014)。度量化的身體:學校體適能的權力技術。臺灣教育社會學研究,14(1),1-46。
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