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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 湯京平 Tang, Ching-Ping、 呂嘉泓 Lu, Chia-Hung(2002)。永續發展與公共行政-從山美與里佳經驗談社區自治與「共享性資源」的管理 Public Administration for Sustainable Development - Self-Governance and Common-Pool Resources Management in Taiwan's Indigenous Communities。人文及社會科學集刊 Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy,14(2)
  2. (1997).Conservation through Cultural Survival: Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas.Washington, D. C.:Island Press.
  3. (1995).Waste Water Charge Schemes in the European Union.Amsterdam:Institute for Environmental Studies.
  4. Andersen, M.(1999).Governance by Green Taxes: Implementing Clean Water Policies in Europe 1970-1990.Environmental Economics and Policy Studies,2(1)
  5. Carney, W. J.(1998).Who Owns the Environment?.Lanham, MD:Rowman & Littlefield.
Times Cited ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周鶴樹(2010)。從景觀生態格局與變遷探索台灣國家公園的永續規劃—以玉山國家公園為例。中原大學設計學博士學位學程學位論文。2010。1-218。 
  2. 吳炳勳(2009)。企業推動產品服務化之策略研究。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2009。1-79。 
  3. 林信義(2008)。警察在國土保育工作之角色探討-以曾文水庫為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所(在職專班)學位論文。2008。1-168。 
  4. 謝秉佑(2007)。家戶環境認知、態度與行為之研究-以二仁溪流域為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所學位論文。2007。1-171。 
  5. 鄔廸嘉(2015)。以委託代理人模型探討空間文化資產:以金門為例。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2015。1-214。 
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