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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Andreassi, J. L.(1995).Psychophysiology: Human Behavior and Physiological Response.Hillsdale, NJ:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  2. Bell, M. A.,Fox, N. A.(1996).Crawling experience is related to changes in cortical organization during infancy: Evidence from EEG coherence.Developmental Psychobiology,29,551-561.
  3. Birbaumer, N.,Elbert, T.,Canavan, A. G. M.,Rockstroh, B.(1990).Slow potentials of the cerebral cortex and behavior.Physiological Reviews,70,1-41.
  4. Boutcher, S. H.,T. S. Horn (Ed.)(1992).Advances in sport psychology.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
  5. Cohen, J.,Walter, W. G.(1966).The interaction of responses in the brain to semantic stimuli.Psychophysiology,2,287-296.
Times Cited ( 14 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張哲千、阮啟弘、王駿濠(2014)。健身運動對動作準備歷程的影響。中華體育季刊,28(1),53-62。
  2. 張朝翔,洪偉欽,成和正,王杏丹(2020)。桌球運動對思覺失調症患者注意力之影響。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,19(1),1-11。
  3. 張武業、施俊名、阮啟弘、王駿濠(2013)。優秀足球運動員動作控制能力的特性─有氧運動能力的重要性。大專體育學刊,15(1),40-53。
  4. 李達勝(2012)。大學桌球課程中多球訓練與發球機輔助教學之探討。中華體育季刊,26(4),523-528。
  5. 李達勝(2015)。桌球對銀髮族的功用探討。靜宜體育,9,69-79。
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