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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施國森、張世沛、張志銘、陳金海(2012)。臺灣地區大學生運動參與和睡眠品質相關之探討。成大體育,45(2),1-22。
  2. 徐美玲、洪文綺、黃淑貞(2012)。青少年的身體活動信念、行為及同儕影響。大專體育學刊,14(4),428-437。
  3. 張世沛、黃素珍、施國森、陳妤瑄(2012)。大專學生運動習慣與睡眠品質之調查研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,7(2),119-131。
  4. 陳全壽、劉宗翰、張振崗(2004)。我國體適能政策指標之建議。運動生理暨體能學報,1,1-11。
  5. 陳妤瑄、張世沛(2012)。探討睡眠時間與身體質量指數之相關性。運動與遊憩研究,7(1),68-78。
Times Cited ( 4 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉榮華、施國森(2015)。高中桌球選手睡眠品質調查研究。運動與遊憩研究,9(4),70-80。
  2. 張世沛、李明憲、吳淑卿(2015)。嶺東科大學生睡眠品質調查研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,10(2),60-72。
  3. 謝佩君、黃孟立、張志銘、張世沛(2017)。國小教師睡眠品質和情緒智力之關係-以運動參與程度為干擾變項。運動與遊憩研究,12(1),32-45。
  4. 陳怡婷、張志銘、張世宜、張世沛、周美玲(2016)。睡眠品質干擾規律運動對體適能之影響─以彰化高商學生為例。管理實務與理論研究,10(3),17-30。
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