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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. B. Malin, "Sharing Pre-Competitive Clinical Trials Data to Facilitate Cancer Research: The Data Sphere Experience". Retrieved from , 2013
  2. 行政院,〈我國個人資料保護法有關去識別化之標準〉,院臺科字第1040144764 號函(附件1) ,2015。(闡明「法務部」對「去識別化」應遵循「比例原則」等法律意見);〈個人資料去識別化過程驗證要求及控制措施〉,院臺科字第1040144764 號函(附件2) ,2015。(ISO/IEC 29191 之要求事項已敘明為「選項」)
  3. 行政院,行政院院臺法字第1010056845 號令,2012。(個人資料保護法除第6 條及第54 條條文外,其餘條文自2012 年10 月1 日施行;2016 年2 月25 日,院臺法字第1050154280B 號函,自2016 年3 月15 日施行)
  4. 法務部,法律字第10303513040 號函,2014。(2014 年11 月17 日,「法務部」函釋闡明:「去識別化之個人資料依其呈現方式已無從直接或間接識別該特定個人者即非屬個人資料」)
  5. 最高行政法院,判字第600 號,2014。(2012 年5 月9 日起,上訴人主張「衛生福利部中央健康保險署」釋出給第三者之「個人全民健康保險資料」並不符合「個人資料保護法」,要求行使「删除權」,被拒絕後,提起訴願/訴訟,均遭駁回,上訴人猶不服,再提起上訴;2014 年11 月13 日,「最高行政法院」判決主文:「原判決廢棄,發回臺北高等行政法院」,開啟我國「個人資訊去識別化」法規實作之議題)
Times Cited ( 3 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋皇志(2018)。巨量資料交易之法律風險與管理意涵-以個人資料再識別化為中心。管理評論,37(4),37-51。
  2. 蔡昀臻、樊國楨(2017)。個人資料管理系統驗證要求事項標準化進程初探:根基於ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27在2017-01公布的框架。資訊安全通訊,23(4),1-36。
  3. 蔡昀臻、樊國楨(2018)。個人資料管理系統驗證要求事項標準化實作初論:根基於ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27在2017-01公布的框架。電腦稽核,38,4-36。
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