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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. BPhty, W. L.(2004).The international classification of functioning, disability, and health (ICF): Application to physiotherapy.NZ Journal of Physiotherapy,32(1),1-2.
    2. Hallahan, D. P.,Kauffman, J. M.(2005).Exceptional learners: Introduction to special education.Englewood Cliffs, NJ:Prentice-Hall.
    3. Luckasson, R.,Borhwick-Duffy, S.,Buntinx, W. H.,Schalock, R. L.,Coulter, D. L.,Craig, E. M.,Reeve, A.,Snell, M. E.,Spitalnik, D. M.,Tasse, M. J.,Spreat, S.(2002).Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports.Washington, DC:American Association of Mental Retardation.
    4. Schalock, R. L.,Borthwick-Duffy, S. A.,Bradley,V. J.,Buntinx, W. H. E.,Coulter, D. L.,Craig, E. M.,Gomez, S. C.,Lachapelle, Y.,Reeve, A.,Shogren,K. A.,Snell, M. E.,Spreat, S.,Tassé, M. J.,Thompson, J. R.,Verdugo-Alonso, M. A.,Wehmeyer, M. L.,Yeager, M. H.(2010).Intellectual disability: Definition, classification, and systems of supports.Washington, DC:American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
    5. Stucki, G.,Cieza, A.,Ewert, T.,Kostanjsek, N.,Chatterji, S.,Ustun, T. B.(2002).Application of the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) in clinical practice.Disability and Rehabilitation,24,281-282.
    Times Cited ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳美如(2014)。性霸凌防治課程對國中智能障礙學生實施成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-174。 
    2. 曾婉婷(2015)。影帶示範教學應用於中重度智能障礙學生清潔服務技能學習成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
    3. 蔡瑋芝(2013)。特教巡迴輔導教師使用萬用揭示板融入輕度智能障礙學生乘法教學之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。 
    4. 溫淑雯(2011)。建構取向教學對國中輕度智能障礙學生數學學習成效之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-176。 
    5. 鄭曉儀(2011)。「重度身心障礙者診斷性評估工具第二版(DASH-II)」應用在台灣重度智能障礙者之信效度研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。 
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