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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Ahmed, A. S.(1994).Accounting earnings and future economic rents: An empirical analysis.Journal of Accounting and Economics,17,377-400.
    2. Ali, A.,Hwang, L. S.,Trombley, M. A.(2003).Arbitrage risk and the bookto-market anomaly.Journal of Financial Economics,69,355-373.
    3. Ali, A.,Zarowin, P.(1992).The role of earnings levels in annual earningsreturns studies.Journal of Accounting Research,30,286-296.
    4. Ball, R.,Brown, P.(1968).An empirical evaluation of accounting income numbers.Journal of Accounting Research,6,159-178.
    5. Becker, C.,DeFond, M. L.,Jiambalvo, J.,Subramanyam, K. R.(1998).The effect of audit quality on earnings management.Contemporary Accounting Research,15,1-24.
    Times Cited ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張嘉文(2007)。會計準則強化與人力成本資本化對企業價值之影響。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-83。 
    2. 邱宗道(2006)。中等職業學校資訊技能需求之研究-以臺北市私立泰北高級中學為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-188。 
    3. 謝兆原(2010)。財務報表重編與蔓延效應。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2010。1-35。 
    4. 黃金燕(2008)。員工分紅費用化對上市櫃公司股價之影響 -以事件分析法與個案研究法探討-。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2008。1-91。 
    5. 洪苡昕(2013)。台灣正常組群尿液及唾液內生性珈瑪-羥基丁酸(GHB)參考值之調查研究。中山醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-68。 
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