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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張桂霖、張金鶚(2010)。老人居住安排與居住偏好之轉換―家庭價值與交換理論觀點的探討。人口學刊,40,41-90。
  2. 陳淑美、林佩萱(2010)。親子世代的財務支援、照顧需要對老人居住安排與生活滿意度影響之研究。住宅學報,19,29-58。
  3. 行政院經濟建設委員會:2012年人口推計—中推計數。。 引用2013/10/16。Council for Economic Planning and Development,Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan). 2012 Population projections - medium projection. Available at: Accessed October 16, 2013. [In Chinese]
  4. 內政部統計處:內政統計通報。。引用2013/10/17。Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Bulletin of interior statistics.Available at: Accessed October 17, 2013.[In Chinese]
  5. 行政院主計總處:人口及住宅普查結果之重要性別統計指標—65歲以上常住人口概況—按年齡及居住型態分,2011。。引用2013/10/17。Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Exective Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Main indicators of gender statistics of 2011 population and housing census - living arrangement of the resident population aged 65 years and over by age and type of living. Available at: Accessed October 17, 2013.
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳容儂(2017)。喪偶與中老人之睡眠狀況、鎮靜、安眠藥物使用及醫療服務使用之相關性。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-54。
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