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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁慕玉(2008)。探討暑修微積分學生的背景與學業成就的關係。國立虎尾科技大學學報,27(1),129-144。
  2. 毛國楠、劉政宏、彭淑玲、李維光、陳慧娟(2008)。能力信念、學業自我價值後效與學業成就對國小學生學習動機與學習情緒之影響。教育心理學報,39(4),569-588。
  3. 林俊瑩、吳裕益(2007)。家庭因素、學校因素對學生學業成就的影響─階層線性模式的分析。教育研究集刊,53(4),107-144。
  4. 施淑慎、曾瓊慧、蔡雅如(2007)。國小學童之成就目標、動機與情感中介歷程以及學業成就間路徑模式之檢驗。測驗學刊,54(1),31-58。
  5. 郭國禎、駱芳美(2007)。輔導諮商系所學生統計焦慮相關變項之研究─性別、年級、數學興趣、統計成績、統計自信心與統計焦慮的關係。輔導與諮商學報.彰師大,29(1),87-108。
Times Cited ( 7 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝玉玲(2014)。人格特質、危害健康行為與身心健康之關聯性研究-以桃園縣高中職學生為例。中原大學心理學系學位論文。2014。1-126。 
  2. 簡聿彣(2018)。國中生幽默風格對主觀生活壓力與身心健康之調節作用。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2018。1-148。 
  3. 黃郁清(2014)。早期社經地位、出生體重與青少年憂鬱軌跡。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-159。 
  4. 林碧芳(2011)。家庭文化資本與個人學習動機對青少年學習成就影響之貫時研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-158。
  5. 鄭皓駿(2013)。試探同儕因素對個人未來學業表現的影響。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2013。1-70。
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