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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李景美、張鳳琴、賴香如、江振東、李碧霞、陳雯昭、張瑜真(2008)。臺北縣市高職學生開始使用成癮物質之危險與保護因子追蹤研究。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,27(5),399-410。
  2. 張瑜真、李景美(2005)。Let's Go to Party-青年使用MDMA行為之質性研究。衛生教育學報,24,115-140。
  3. 行政院衛生署(2002)。常見濫用藥物及其危害。臺北市:行政院衛生署。
  4. 臺北市中正區社區安全健康促進會(2007)。臺北市中正區安全社區認證申請資料(中文版)。臺北市,中正區社區安全健康促進會。
  5. Botvin, G. J.(1996).Prevention drug abuse through the schools: Intervention programs that work.Paper presented on National Conference on Drug Abuse Prevention Research
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張盈潔,呂莉婷,王詩文(2021)。應用解構式計畫行為理論探討高中學生對3D虛擬實境反毒課程使用意圖之質性研究。教育科學研究期刊,66(4),133-165。
  2. 林育陞(2019)。社會支持網絡下青少年藥物濫用保護和危險因子之探討。諮商與輔導,400,5-8。
  3. 管昱翔,郭文正,林淑君(2021)。台灣青少年藥物濫用研究之文獻回顧。台灣公共衛生雜誌,40(2),133-150。
  4. 邱惟真、李蓉蓉、江湧益(2017)。中學生藥物濫用輔導策略與方法—以春暉輔導成功個案為例。學生事務與輔導,56(1),49-66。
  5. (2022)。照護一位因藥物濫用初次接受血液透析個案之護理經驗。臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,21(1),63-75。
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