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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張高賓、陳明哲、連廷嘉(2007)。台灣地區兒童憂鬱流行率之調查研究。臺東大學教育學報,18(1),29-72。
  2. 陳志道、蕭芝殷、許秀卿、蔡美華、王俊毅(2006)。家庭醫學科門診青少年憂鬱症狀危險因子分析。台灣家醫誌,17(3),158-171。
  3. 楊孟麗(2005)。教育成就的價值與青少年的心理健康。中華心理衛生學刊,18(2),75-99。
  4. 蔡玉瑟、張妤婷、謝孟岑(2006)。資優兒童的父母教養方式與情緒智力之相關研究。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,20(1),63-87。
  5. 賴正珮、陳慶福(2007)。父母管教方式與兒童非理性信念、A型行爲組型之相關研究。教育心理學報,38(4),443-460。
Times Cited ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳婕誼(2014)。少年生活中的風險與生活福祉之相關研究─以屏東縣為例。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-320。 
  2. 陳珮綺(2015)。苗栗縣一所國民中學學生幸福感之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-192。 
  3. 徐崇倫(2009)。“愛的教育、鐵的紀律” 父母親教養方式與青少年心理健康之關係。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2009。1-53。
  4. 張嘉晏(2011)。缺失資料處理對因素分析的影響 -以臺灣教育長期追蹤資料庫國中樣本心理健康問項跨期資料為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2011。1-61。
  5. 林碧芳(2011)。家庭文化資本與個人學習動機對青少年學習成就影響之貫時研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-158。
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