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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number




Chinese/English Abstract :


Times Cited :

1013-1671, Seasonal Periodical,Regular Release

DOI : 10.6221/AN2012

Title Changes List
  • Acta Nephrologica

    2000 / 01 - 2021 / 06(Regular Release)

All Volumes
Basic Information

Language : 繁體中文;英文

Available From: : 14 卷 1 期

Key Words : 腎臟醫學

Health & Medical Care> Internal Medicine


社團法人台灣腎臟醫學會 & Ainosco Press


社團法人台灣腎臟醫學會 & Ainosco Press Publishing 』

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Sex, Gender, and Chronic Kidney Disease

Chia-Chao Wu

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0001 DOI

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CKD Progression and Mortality Among Men and Women: A Single Center Study in Taiwan

Yu-Cin ChangTing-Yun LinYi-Chun WangChing-Hsiu PengSzu-Chun Hung

chronic kidney diseaseend-stage kidney diseasemortalityprognosissex

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0002 DOI

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Short-Term Effects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors on Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Real-World Evidence

Ming-Hsien TsaiMing-Chih ChenTian-Shyug LeeYen-Chun HuangHung-Hsiang LiouYu-Wei Fang

diabetes mellitusemergency department visitshospitalizationmetforminNational Health Insurance Research Databasesodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0003 DOI

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Increased Serum Adipocyte Fatty Acid-Binding Protein Concentrations Are Associated with Aortic Stiffness in Nondialysis Diabetic Kidney Disease

Chi-Chong TangMeng-Shiuan ChenDu-An WuMing-Chun ChenBang-Gee Hsu

adipocyte fatty acid-binding proteinageaortic stiffnesscarotid-femoral pulse wave velocitydiabetic kidney disease

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0004 DOI

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The Association of Dietary Education with Short-Term Phosphate Control and Nutrition in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients: A Single-Center, Retrospective Cohort Study

En-Shuo ChangChieh-Li YenGeorge Kuo

dietary educationhemodialysishyperparathyroidismhyperphosphatemianutrition status

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0005 DOI

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Primary Renal Myoepithelial Carcinoma with EWSR-1 Gene Rearrangement-Case Report and Literature Review

Yun-Hsuan SheYih-Ting ChenYen-Min HuangChun-Te WuTsan-Yu HsiehCheng-Hsu WangTom Wei-Wu ChenI-Wen Wu

EWSR1 gene rearrangementkidneymalignancymetastasismyoepithelial carcinoma

10.6221/AN.202106_35(2).0006 DOI

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