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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number




Chinese/English Abstract :


Times Cited :

1016-3190, Seasonal Periodical,partnership suspension

DOI : 10.6440/TZUCMJ

Index Collection: : Scopus , ESCI

Title Changes List
  • TZU CHI Medical Journal

    1989 / 05 - 2009 / 09(partnership suspension)

All Volumes
Basic Information

Language : 繁體中文;英文

Available From: : 1 卷 1 期

Health & Medical Care> General





財團法人中華民國佛教慈濟慈善事業基金會 Publishing 』

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Effects of Circumcision on Urinary Tract Infection and Sexually Transmitted Disease

Stephen Shei-Dei YangCheng-Hsing HsiehShang-Jen Chang

CircumcisionPhimosisSexually transmitted diseaseUrinary tract infection

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Colorectal Cancer Screening

Jiann-Hwa ChenHans Hsien-Hong Lin

ColonoscopyColorectal cancerScreening

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Copy Number Variations and Psychiatric Disorders

Yu-Lin ChaoWei-Hsien ChienHsiao-Mei LiaoJye-Siung FangChia-Hsiang Chen

Copy number variationsGeneticsPsychiatric disorders

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Should Tonsillar Carcinoma with Nasopharynx Invasion Alone be Classified as a T4b Disease?

Moon-Sing LeeYee-Min JenDai-Wei LiuYu-Chieh SuShih-Kai HungJing-Min HwangChing-Chih LeeSzu-Chi LiWei-Ta TsaiFong-Ling ChenHon-Yi Lin

Cancer stageConcurrent chemoradiotherapyNasopharynxRadiotherapyTonsillar carcinoma

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


The Impact of Sleep Apnea on Conventional Doppler Indices

Ching-Chih LeeChih-Wei Chen

Diastolic functionEchocardiographyObstructive sleep apnea

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


The Chest Radiographic Manifestations of Legionnaires' Disease in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study

Tissot LowJen-Jyh LeeGee-Gwo YangChih-Bin Lin

Chest radiographyChest X-rayLegionellaLegionnaires' diseasePneumonia

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Targeting Withdrawal Time to 6 Minutes Can Increase Polyp Detection during Colonoscopy

Yu-Hsi HsiehKuo-Chih TsengAn-Liang Chou

AdenomaColonic polypsColonoscopeColonoscopy

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Isolated Sphenoid Sinus Disease: Analysis of 11 Cases

Yu-Hsing LinSheen-Yie FangHsu-Cheuh Ho

AngiofibromaFibrous dysplasiaMucoceleSphenoid sinus disease

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Factors Influencing the Competency of Head Nurses When Assisting with Inhospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Hsing-Lin LinWei-Che LeeMeng-Ting HuangWen-Hui HsiaoLiang-Chi KuoHon-Man ChanJiun-Nong LinYu-Hsien Chuang

Cardiopulmonary resuscitationEducationHead nurse

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track


Surgical Excision of Tumoral Calcinosis of the Distal End of the Clavicle in a Patient with Uremia

Jui-Kuo HungIng-Lin ChangHui-Mei Chang

Distal end of the clavicleHemodialysisSurgical excisionTumoral calcinosis

Abstract Unauthorized Unauthorized Track Track

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