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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number




Chinese/English Abstract :


Times Cited :

2071-9833, Seasonal Periodical,Journal Title Changed

DOI : 10.29461/TGG

Title Changes List
Basic Information



台灣老年學暨老年醫學會 Publishing 』

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謝蔡豪(Tsai-Hao Hsieh)李俊秀(Jason Jiunshiou Lee)陳明正(Ming-Chen Chen)何清幼(Chin-Yu Ho)余文瑞(Wen-Ruey Yu)

身體質量指數死亡率老年人實證醫學body mass indexmortalityelderlyagedevidence-based medicine

10.29461/TGG.201805_13(2).0001 DOI

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岳芳如(Fang-Ru Yueh)張瑩如(Ying-Ju Chang)胡芳文(Fang-Wen Hu)

高齡照護能力培訓課程成效評值geriatric care competenciestraining programprogram evaluation

10.29461/TGG.201805_13(2).0002 DOI

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陳家慶(Jia-Ching Chen)張棋興(Qi-Xing Chang)林春香(Chun-Hsiang Lin)吳孟純(Meng-Chun Wu)梁忠詔(Chung-Chao Liang)江姿儀(Tzu-Yi Chiang)

社區關懷據點老人因材施教身體功能運動肌少症前期community care stationolder adultperformance-based tailored programphysical mobilityexercisepre-sarcopenia

10.29461/TGG.201805_13(2).0003 DOI

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王奕淇(Wang YC)陳勇良(Chen YL)方姿蓉(Tzu-Jung Fang)

鬱血性心衰竭肋膜積水甲狀腺亢進肺高壓Congestive heart failurePleural effusionPulmonary hypertensionHyperthyroidism

10.29461/TGG.201805_13(2).0004 DOI

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張舜欽(Shun-Chin Chang)張家銘(Chia-Ming Chang)黃基彰(Chi-Chang Huang)

周全性老年評估老年創傷功能衰退住院相關之失能comprehensive geriatric assessmentgeriatric traumafunctional declinehospitalization-associated disability

10.29461/TGG.201805_13(2).0005 DOI

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