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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。


Reference :


Times Cited : (2)




What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Basic Information

Language : Traditional Chinese

Available From: : 2002年

College of Law > Graduate Institute of Law

Social Sciences > Law


National Taiwan University


國立臺灣大學 Publishing 』

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就業歧視禁止之界限─ 論就業歧視禁止項目與差別待遇之正當理由


就業歧視差別待遇歧視正當理由合理理由就業服務法第5 條第1 項一般平等待遇原則employment discriminationdifferential treatmentdiscriminationjustifiable causesreasonable causesArticle 5.1 of Employment Service Actthe principle of general equal treatment

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一部請求一部訴求處分權主義餘額請求餘額訴求重複應訴重複審理訴訟標的重複起訴禁止訴之追加時效中斷既判力客觀範圍過失相抵抵銷抗辯類似既判力誠信原則判決理由中判斷拘束力Splitting Cause of ActionDisposition PrincipleSplit ActionPart LawsuitSubject Matter of LitigationRule of Lis PendensRes JudicataAddition of ActionInterruption of PrescriptionContributory NegligenceDemand of OffsetPrinciple of Good FaithEffect Similar to Res Judicata

10.6342/NTU201601715 DOI

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非政府規範TBT協定多重交錯之非政府規範貿易障礙非政府機構合理可行措施Private RegulationsTBT Agreementthe multiplicity of private regulationstrade barriersnon-governmental bodytake such reasonable measures as may be available

10.6342/NTU201601740 DOI

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刑事程序中調取通信紀錄與使用者資料 -以國際人權公約與德國法為中心


通訊保障及監察法通訊狀態通聯紀錄使用者資料基地台位置基地台監察IP位址IMEI碼基本權干預the Communication Security and Surveillance Actthe Communications Recordsthe Communications User’s InformationInterference with Constitutional Rights

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任意終止權繼續性消費關係遞延性商品(服務)契約嚴守原則悔約權定型化契約應記載及不得記載事項消費者權益保護Terminate for ConvenienceContinuing Consumer Relationshippacta sunt servandaRight of RegretMandatory or Prohibitory Provisions of Standard ContractsConsumer Protection

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統合處理家事事件民事事件合併審理合併裁判客體合併(客觀合併)主體合併(主觀合併)變更、追加或反請求別請求禁止分別審理分別裁判程序法理非訟化審理聲明不服擬制上訴家事調解家事特別非訟程序Integration of procedureFamily AffairsCivil mattersConsolidation of ProceedingsConsolidated Trialjoinder of claimsJoinder of Partiesthe Amendment and Raising of ClaimsCounterclaimSeparation of ProceedingsSeparated TrialTransfer of Proceedings in Cases of Pendency of Several Family MattersLegal Theory of ProcedureNon-Contentiousness Hearing of LitigationAppealto Be Deemed to Be AppealFamily MediationDomestic Special Non-contentious Proceedings

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名譽權不法性大法官第509號解釋真實抗辯合理查證公眾人物公共議題合理評論reputationwrongfulnessfaultInterpretation No. 509truth defensereasonable investigationpublic figuresmatters of publicfair comment

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法律史障礙研究平等權就業歧視障礙者法律動員就業服務法身心障礙者權益保障法legal historydisability studyequal rightdiscrimination in employmentpeople with disabilities’ legal mobilizationEmployment Service ActPeople with Disabilities Rights Protection Act

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文化資產保存訴訟權能保護規範理論環境影響評估法公民訴訟Cultural Heritage PreservationLocus StandiTheory of Protective NormsEnvironmental Impact Assessment ActCitizen Suits

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職權通知法律上利害關係第三人確定判決之效力程序保障統一解決紛爭第三人撤銷訴訟Notification of Action by the CourtLegally Interested Third-PartyEffect of Final and Binding JudgmentProcedural ProtectionThird-Party Opposition Proceeding

Abstract | Reference(152) | Times Cited(2) Search for full text in Holdings Search for full text in Holdings Unauthorized Unauthorized

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Total 11 Pages