Buddhist Regimens: from the Four-Element Principle's Point of View
佛教養生法 ； 四大 ； 觸食 ； 四大調和 ； 四威儀 ； Buddhist Regimens ； four elements ； food from touch ； four elements are in harmonious ； four dignified manners
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
25期（2016 / 03 / 01）
129 - 163
This article provides principles of improving health and regimens of exercise beneficial to physical body from the Buddhist point of view. The main theoretical basis comes from the Buddhist scripture while the idea of designing the exercises to adjust the balance of the body is inspired from the Buddhist scripture on practicing ＂mindfulness of the body.＂ Therefore, this regimen is named ＂Buddhist Regimen.＂ The main contents are as follows: First, explaining the human body's material characteristics and its structure by means of the Buddhist doctrine-mainly, four elements of substance. Second, according to the Buddhist scripture, the law of balance, ＂If the four elements are not in harmony, the body will suffer＂ or ＂If the four elements are in harmony, the body will recover from an illness＂ explains the cause of a disease and how to maintain health. Third, the author designs simple and applicable exercises based on Buddhist ＂the mindfulness of the body＂- to adjust the postures back to ＂four dignified manners,＂ to maintain moment-by-moment mindfulness of breathing and to remind oneself of keeping the balance of the four features in the physical body. Fourth, one applies the principle of ＂correct mindfulness and sampajanna＂ from the meditation for the core of learning. Moreover, with the benefit of maintaining good health, one even has the tranquility in mind and enlightenment. Hopefully, one can be harmonious in both mind and body, and through practicing meditation, one can attain wisdom at ease. There are a clear and explicit theoretical basis, brief and simple exercises to learn, and most importantly, an overall remarkable recuperating effect in this Buddhist regimen. To satisfy different needs, it can provide help in three aspects. First, helping people improve their health. People who live in a modern life tend to be more static and take little exercise, so they may have more stasis and their body may become stiff. This regimen can effectively relieve the pain, improve physical fitness, and make healing and good health possible. Second, helping practitioners promote meditation force. Among them, 'the four-feature softening method＂ can directly, quickly and effectively alleviates physical discomfort caused by sedentariness for a long time, and make body and mind at ease; moreover, it is beneficial to mindful meditation. Third, helping the Bodhisattvas promote their ability of endurance. If Mahayana practitioners pay attention to their dignified manners, they will be respected. Their endurance may get stronger because of reconciling four features, so it is very helpful to promote charity business.