Title

苗栗縣泰安鄉山地觀光業防災策略之研究

Translated Titles

The Disaster Prevention Strategy of Mountain Tourism Industry In Taian Township, Miaoli County

Authors

邱亮鈞

Key Words

山地聚落 ; 觀光業 ; 客製化防災策略 ; mountain area ; tourism industries ; customized disaster prevention policy

PublicationName

中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2017年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

詹勳全

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

全球與氣候相關的災害日趨頻繁,氣候災害對於人類社會、經濟活動造成的損失已開始取代軍事衝突,成為國家安全的挑戰及主要的威脅。我國為因應氣候變遷帶來的可能災害,提出國家氣候變遷調適政策綱領,其中高脆弱及敏感的山區聚落屬於優先強化應災能力的高風險地區。苗栗縣泰安地區為發展經濟,各山地聚落持續發展觀光產業,引入飯店、民宿進駐,近年來日趨頻繁的極端氣候,不僅對於山地聚落居民造成威脅,也對觀光業及外來遊客造成了不小的損失及威脅。針對本地區進行調查後發現與飯店所在區域相比,進出的道路更易受災害的影響。另外雖然大多數業者以疏散避難為主要手段,但若交通中斷,44%受訪者表示工作場所儲備的物資不足各人一日使用,且地方防災體系與泰安溫泉業者們欠缺直接的聯繫關係,不僅無法分享預警情資降低災害,在災害來臨交通中斷時,難以掌握災情並提供必要援助,應結合在地非官方的相關者共同擬具客製化之防災政策,以提高耐災力。

English Abstract

Weather-related disasters happen more and more frequently than before around the globe. The natural catastrophes have profoundly affected human’s society and economic activities, moreover, the financial loss on the two aforementioned has exceeded the damage that military conflict could incur. In which, natural catastrophes have replaced military conflicts as a priority threat and challenge for national security. Our government has implemented” Adaptation Strategy to Climate Change in Taiwan” to deal with the potential damage caused by climate change. It illustrates that the highly environmental sensitive and vulnerable mountain areas should be marked as high-risk regions, therefore the adaptive capacities of those areas need to be reinforced and strengthened in preparation for weather-related disasters. However, in the view of high profit and economic prosperity, businessmen have kept invested money on building hotels and guesthouses in Taian township, Miaoli County in recent years. The increasingly frequency of extreme climates have not only pose a threat to the residents in mountain areas but also to the tourism industries and tourists. Based on our investigation into this area, the access route is prone to dangers caused by natural disasters than the areas where hotels converging together. Even though many vendors in hotel industry adopt evacuation plan as their primary emergency measure, according to 44% respondents we interviewed, should the traffic be interrupted, the workplace would not be sufficient for daily needs of each person living in that area. Moreover, the local disaster prevention and rescue system do not share the direct communication channel with the vendors in Taian industry. Therefore, the vendors could not gain the early warning to prevent and lower the damage brought by the debacle. When the traffic is interrupted by the natural catastrophes, it becomes even harder for the relief workers to provide necessary help to the local vendors because the vendors do not understand and cannot accurately analyze the overall situation. In conclusion, the government should coalesce with local unofficial vendors to simulate and customize the best disaster prevention measures for the certain region.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 水土保持學系所
生物農學 > 生物環境與多樣性
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