Title

樹枝狀高分子/石墨烯複合材料上承載白金奈米顆粒之製備與特性研究

Translated Titles

Preparation and Characterization of Dendrimer/Graphene Nanocomposites Supporting Platinum Nanoparticle

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2013.00160

Authors

廖婉伶

Key Words

石墨烯 ; 樹枝狀高分子 ; 白金奈米顆粒 ; graphene ; dendrimer ; Pt nanoparticle

PublicationName

中興大學材料科學與工程學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2013年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

吳宗明

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

本研究將以化學法和縱切奈米碳管兩種方式製備薄片狀和長帶狀兩種不同形貌之石墨烯,再結合聚醯胺-胺樹枝狀高分子作為石墨烯的表面修飾,製備出新穎的高分子奈米複合材料,並以微波製程將白金顆粒還原於奈米複合材料上,探討兩石墨烯系統下其電化學活性特性。 本研究首先利用改良式Hummers法製備氧化石墨,經由聯氨將氧化石墨烯於不同溫度下還原成石墨烯,並以FT-IR、TGA、Raman、XRD、XPS等分析鑑定,結果顯示隨著還原溫度提高,還原石墨烯之熱穩定性及導電性均有提升,以95℃下獲得之還原石墨烯具較佳的熱穩定性及導電性。另一方面,以硫酸和過錳酸鉀對少壁奈米碳管做軸向切割,製備出長帶狀之石墨烯。並由FT-IR、TGA分析顯示已成功將不同代數樹枝狀高分子接枝於石墨烯上。最後,以乙二醇為溶劑經微波加熱反應來還原白金奈米顆粒,在還原石墨烯系統中,二代數樹枝狀高分子/石墨烯所承載之白金顆粒大小約3.34nm,三代數和四代數樹枝狀高分子/石墨烯所承載之白金顆粒大小明顯變小,分別為2.45nm和2.63nm,可獲得尺寸均一、分散良好之白金顆粒,其顆粒分散型態優於帶狀石墨烯系統,而帶狀石墨烯系統中,二代數、三代數和四代數樹枝狀高分子/帶狀石墨烯所承載之白金奈米顆粒分別為2.9nm、2.58nm、2.39nm,並以循環伏安法量測電化學活性,其結果顯示電化學活性表現以及長時間穩定性於兩石墨烯系統中均以四代數最佳,高於三代數,而三代數高於二代數。樹枝狀高分子/還原石墨烯所承載之白金顆粒,其電化學活性優於樹枝狀高分子/帶狀石墨烯所承載之白金顆粒;而抗毒化能力則以樹枝狀高分子/帶狀石墨烯所承載之白金顆粒較佳。

English Abstract

The goal of this study is to design and develop a novel polymer nanocomposites. Graphene nanosheets and graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs) were successfully prepared by chemical method and longitudinal unzipping of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Different generations of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer have been grafted on the modified graphene and Pt nanoparticles were synthesized within the graphene grafted PAMAM dendrimer templates by microwave radiation. Graphite oxide (GO) was first prepared by modified Hummers method. The reduction of GO with hydrazine hydrate at different temperatures were characterized by FT-IR, TGA, Raman, XRD and XPS. These results showed that the reduction of GO mainly depended on the treated temperatures, and reduced at 95℃could obtain better thermal stability and conductivity. GONRs were obtained by suspending CNTs in concentrated sulphuric acid followed by the treatment with KMnO4.These results of FT-IR and TGA revealed that PAMAM dendrimer was covalently attached onto the surface of graphene. Using microwave radiation to prepare the Pt nanoparticles on the surface of dendrimer/graphene nanocomposites. The size of Pt nanoparticles on rGO-dendrimer composites with the generation 2, 3 and 4 is about 3.34 nm, 2.45 nm and 2.63 nm, respectively. The fabricated Pt nanoparticles were uniformly distributed and almost mondispersed. The dispersion of Pt nanoparticle on rGO-dendrimer was much uniform than that on GONRs-dendrimer. The size of Pt nanoparticles on GONRs- dendrimer composites with the generation 2, 3 and 4 is about 2.9 nm, 2.58 nm and 2.39 nm, respectively. The electrochemical performances in three-electrode electrochemical cells were obtained by a cyclic voltammetry method. The results showed that both rGO and GONRs grafted with G4 PAMAM dendrimer had high electrocatalytic activity and long-term stability. The rGO/PAMAM/Pt hybrid showed better electrocatalytic activity than GONRs/PAMAM/Pt catalyst. However, the GONRs/PAMAM /Pt catalyst showed better tolerance to CO for electro-oxidation of methanol compared to that of rGO/PAMAM/Pt composites.

Topic Category 工學院 > 材料科學與工程學系所
工程學 > 工程學總論
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