Title

台灣鄉村社區發展生態村評估系統之建構

Translated Titles

Establishing the Evaluative System of Developing Eco-village in Rural Communities in Taiwan

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2012.00498

Authors

黃郁琇

Key Words

生態村 ; 評估系統 ; 探索性因素分析 ; 驗證性因素分析 ; 同儕評鑑 ; ecovillage ; evaluative system ; exploratory factor analysis ; confirmatory factor analysis ; peer appraisal

PublicationName

中興大學園藝學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2012年

Academic Degree Category

博士

Advisor

歐聖榮

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

生態村是一種對環境友善的社區生活方式,其在過去的文獻中曾被討論過。由於缺乏明確的定義,因此,致力於找出一個科學與系統化的方式來瞭解生態村概念的相關工作是必需的。此外,生態村在台灣仍是一個新的概念,因此發展一個評估系統來識別生態村是非常重要的。 本研究的主要目的在於建構一個測量模式來研究生態村的組成構面。研究分為四個步驟。第一階段主要是利用文獻回顧與質性訪談建立題庫,訪談結果同時指出生態村概念在台灣發展的現況。第二階段利用焦點團體與專家問卷調查確認題項,並發展為問卷。第三階段透過問卷調查的方式取得研究者、政府部門、規劃單位及社區居民的意見。最後一個階段是利用因素分析來確認構面及因子。 研究結果發現,台灣的生態村概念是由七個構面所組成,分別為「安全互助系統」、「積極主導參與」、「知識技術傳遞」、「身心文化互動」、「健康節能生活」、「空間展演體驗」及「地區特色發展」。 結果也顯示出受訪者重視生態環境保育及經濟議題勝於其他生態村概念。因此,本研究提出一個更全面性的生態村定義:所謂的生態村,是一個社區成員能夠在其中感受到安全且能主導社區發展,同時社區努力從事知識技術傳遞與空間展演體驗,在那裡人類的生活方式是對人類與自然世界都有益的,並支持身心文化的互動,且能發展地區的特色。

English Abstract

Ecovillage, which is seen as an environmental friendly lifestyle for the communities, has been discussed in the past literature. Due to the lack of concrete definition of Ecovillage, it is necessary that the related works devoted to find a scientific and systematic approach to understand the concept of Ecovillage. In addition, the development of Ecovillage is still new in Taiwan, thus it is important to develop an evaluative system for the identification of Ecovillage. The main purpose of this study was to build a measurement model to study the composition of Ecovillage. There are four stages in this study. In the first stage, in-depth interview and literature review were used to collect the conceptual items of Ecovillage. The results of interviews also indicated the development status of ecovillage in Taiwan. In the second stage, focus groups interviews and expert questionnaires were conducted to design the questionnaire. In the third stage, the questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the data from experts, governmental stuff, scholars, and residents. In last stage, factor analyses were adopted to confirm the dimensions and factors of Ecovillage. The results showed that the concept of ecovillage in Taiwan consisted of seven factors, such as Sense of Security, Leading of development direction, Transmission of Techniques and Knowlages, Communication of activities, Living of Healthy, Experience of Spirit living, Development of local characteristics). The study also revealed that respondents put more importance on environmental conservation and economic issues than other aspects of Ecovillage. Accordingly, this study proposed a comprehensive definition of Ecovillage: an Ecovillage is an village as a secure and empowerment settlement, in which techniques transmission and lifestyle experience are appeared frequently, and human activities are benefit for both human and natural world, in a way that is supportive of healthy human development, cultural interaction and can display the characteristics of local area.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 園藝學系所
生物農學 > 農業
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  101. 一、 中文文獻
  102. 書籍與期刊
  103. 1. 內政部營建署,(2005),94年度生態社區示範計畫專案輔導中心—成果報告輯,台北:內政部營建署。
  104. 3. 王小璘、翁瑞禧,(2004),都市社區居民對生態社區認知與環境態度之研究,第五屆造園景觀與環境規劃設計研究成果發表會論文集—生態與永續發展,中華民國造園景觀學會編,(pp.106-122),台北:造園景觀學會。
  105. 4. 王文中、呂金夑、吳毓瑩、張郁雯、張淑慧,(1999),教育測驗與評量:教室學習觀點,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  106. 5. 王貫申、王惠中、吳雲波、黃娟,(2010),生態文明城市建設指標體系建構的研究,汙染防治技術,23(1),55-59。
  107. 6. 王楠,(2010),濱海新區生態城市評價指標體系研究,大眾商務(創業版),2010(12),27-29。
  108. 7. 台北市政府都市發展局,(1996),台北市都市永續發展指標與策略研擬之研究,台北:台北市政府都市發展局。
  109. 8. 行政院經濟建設委員會,(2003),台灣永續發展指標(1988~2002),台北:行政院國家永續發展委員會。
  110. 9. 吳玉成,(2006),從先進永續策略與方案看台南市健康城市的環境提升計畫,健康城市學刊,4,1-20。
  111. 10. 吳明隆,(2006),結構方程模式—SIMPLIS的應用,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  112. 11. 吳明隆、涂金堂,(2005),SPSS與統計應用分析,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  113. 16. 李永展、洪菁谿,(1999),生態社區之營造,水資源管理季刊,2,16-21。
  114. 17. 李沛良,(2001),社會研究的統計分析,台北:巨流圖書公司。
  115. 18. 李國忠,(2005),林產業環境績效評估標之研究,台北:行政院國家科學委員。
  116. 19. 李懿行,(2007),都市健康河川棲地評估架構:以筏子溪為例,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所,台中。
  117. 21. 於幼華、張益誠,永續發展指標,環境教育季刊,37,53-74。
  118. 22. 林仁和,(2002),社會心理學,台北 : 揚智出版社。
  119. 23. 林信揚,(2003),以生態旅遊為導向之社區發展模式比較分析—以桃米及大雁社區為例,碩士論文,逢甲大學建築與都市計畫所,台中。
  120. 26. 林朝欽、周新基、李桃生,(2004),營造e化生態社區:六龜鄉新林業夥伴的故事,台灣林業,30(1),46-54。
  121. 27. 林慧雯,(2009),屏東縣農村生態社區評估系統之研究,碩士論文,國立屏東商業技術學院不動產經營系,屏東。
  122. 28. 林鴻忠、林香,(2006),社區生態村之營造--以林美與鑑湖堂為例,台灣林業,32(6),6-16。
  123. 29. 邱皓政,(2003),結構方程模式:LISREL的理論、技術與應用,台北:雙葉書廊有限公司。
  124. 30. 邱皓政,(2007),量化研究與統計分析—SPSS(PASW)資料分析範例,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  125. 31. 邱皓政,(2011),量化研究與統計分析SPSS(PASW)資料分析範例,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  126. 32. 邱皓政,(2012),量化研究法(三)—測驗原理與量表發展技術,台北:雙葉書廊有限公司。
  127. 34. 洪嘉穗,(2001),社區自主環境管理機制之研究-以湖本生態村願景實踐為例,碩士論文,雲林科技大學工業設計系,雲林。
  128. 36. 孫司寬,(2005),生態村非使用價值之評估--以桃米生態休閒農業村為例,碩士論文,國立政治大學地政學系,台北。
  129. 37. 孫宛琳,(2005),生態社區永續生活品質指標建構之研究,碩士論文,逢甲大學景觀與遊憩研究所,台中。
  130. 39. 張志弘,(2008),生態社區指標之建構-以新竹縣為例,碩士論文,中華大學建築與都市計劃學系,新竹。
  131. 40. 張益誠,(2001),應用因子分析方法為臺灣地區建構永續發展趨勢評估指標系統,博士論文,台灣大學環境工程學研究所,台北。
  132. 42. 張培蘭,(2007),生態社區評估指標建構之研究─以台南縣龍崎鄉牛埔地區為例,碩士論文,立德大學地區發展管理研究所,台南。(現改名為康寧大學)
  133. 43. 莊淑姿,(2001),台灣鄉村發展類型之研究,博士論文,台灣大學農業推廣學研究所,台北。
  134. 44. 許麗敏,(2008),社區營造永續發展評估指標之建立-以屏東市新興社區為例,碩士論文,屏東科技大學農企業管理系所,屏東。
  135. 45. 郭怡秀、歐陽奇,(2002),台灣與歐美澳三洲生態村生態規劃設計手法之比較,聯合學報,19,105-119。
  136. 46. 陳正昌、程炳林、陳新豐、劉子鍵,(2005),多變量分析方法─統計軟體應用,台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  137. 47. 陳向明,(2005),社會科學質的研究(初版六刷),台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  138. 48. 陳坤宏,(1999),台南西區運河周圍地區生態社區空間營造之研究,農業經濟半年刊,66,129-148。
  139. 49. 陳欣得,(2007),桃米生態社區發展成功經營因子之探討,碩士論文,靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班,台中。
  140. 51. 陳瑞清譯,Gonick, L., & Outwater, A.著,(2003),看漫畫、學環保,台北:天下遠見出版股份有限公司。
  141. 54. 黃文雄,(2007),生態旅遊發展衝擊量表編製之研究:以桃米生態村為例,碩士論文,台中教育大學環境教育研究所,台中。
  142. 55. 黃志宏,(2004),新世紀永續性「集村」之技術實踐及其社經內涵意義-德國生態村建設的啟示,臺灣建築報導雜誌,109,40-43。
  143. 56. 黃芳銘,(2006a),結構方程模式:理論與應用(四版),台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  144. 57. 黃芳銘,(2006b),社會科學統計方法學:結構方程模式(修訂版),台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
  145. 58. 黃建豐,(2007),原住民部落生態旅遊遊客行為模式之研究-以達娜伊谷生態園區及司馬庫斯生態村為例,碩士論文,雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所,台中。
  146. 59. 黃郁琇、鄭佳美,(2009),土地與交通計畫—生態村規劃的成與敗,造園季刊,63,9-14。
  147. 61. 黃菱怡,(2002),桃米坑生態村,鄉間小路,28(8),12-17。
  148. 64. 蒲向軍、徐肇忠,(2001),城市可持續發展的環境容量指標及模型建立研究,武漢大學學報(工學版),34(6),12-16, 26。
  149. 65. 劉秀滿,(1999),高級中學多元入學方案之研究,碩士論文,臺北市立師範學院國民教育研究所,台北。
  150. 69. 蕭俊明,(1998),我國環境指標系統之建構,中國統計通訊,9(4),14-28。
  151. 71. 謝寶森,(2003),利用鳥類整合性指標評估公園綠地環境品質之檢測-以南台灣都會區為例,台北:行政院國家科學委員。
  152. 73. 鍾榮丙、醫躍輝,(2010),長株潭生態城市群評價指標體系和模型研究,工業技術經濟,11,69-73。
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Times Cited
  1. 陳亭妤(2015)。田園式餐飲空間之設計研究。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2015。1-150。