Translated Titles

A Study on Management Strategies of Tributary Watersheds for Disaster Mitigation and Sustainable Development in Upper Chao Phraya River Basin.



Key Words

規劃架構 ; 集水區管理對策 ; 水文危害 ; 空間發展概念 ; Planning framework ; Watershed management strategies ; Hydrological hazards ; Spatial development concept



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication


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Chinese Abstract

本研究之目的為定義集水區問題,並透過資料蒐集與文獻回顧,發展集水區管理對策,應用地理資訊系統可分析昭披耶河集水區之多種水文危害及永續發展策略,水文危害包含淹水、乾旱及崩塌。利用GIS套疊乾旱、淹水及崩塌圖資可將集水區之風險度分為四區,結果顯示,約面積 37,906.12 km2 (36.61 %) 為低風險、31,674.53 km2 (30.59 %)為中度風險、24,791.79 km2 (23.94 %)為高度風險、8,375.68 km2 (8.09 %)則屬極高風險。極高風險與高風險區主要位於洪水平原及沿主流河道之陡峭邊坡;中度風險則位於沿主要支流之緩坡區位;而低風險則多位於高地或農村之熱帶森林。昭披耶河集水區之上游大部分屬於低風險之潛勢區,然昭披耶河集水區下游之水稻區、河階區及植生覆蓋區屬極高風險之潛勢區。 集水區管理策略之架構乃透過蒐集及分析現存之減災及永續發展之概念,本研究期可提供一較佳之管理計畫與技術,以改進土地、水及其他自然資源之保育及管理計畫。最後,本研究架構可提供有效之訊息,作為相關單位環境管理決策之用。結果建議空間規劃概念之發展宜聚焦於空間方法之整合。本研究建議昭披耶河集水區上游之減災及永續發展對策包含:(1)保育:為完成實地之生態型式而作的保育行動計畫,(2)減災:增加綠化範圍以減緩災害沖擊及增加效益,(3)永續發展:思考有關未來及長期發展。

English Abstract

The main objectives of this study were to identify watershed problems and develop watershed management strategies which are based on data collection and literature reviews. The Upper Chao Phraya River basin has been selected for the case illustration. Multiple hydrological hazards and sustainable development strategies of the Upper Chao Phraya River basin were approached by applying geographical information system (GIS). This watershed is subjected to three hydrological hazards which included flooding, drought and landslide. The results showed that the integrated overlaying hazard map of drought, flood, and landslide risk by GIS model has reclassified the study areas into four risk zones. It was found that out of the total area of the basin, 37,906.12 km2 or 36.61 % is under low risk, 31,674.53 km2 or 30.59 % is under medium risk, 24,791.79 km2 or 23.94 % is under high risk and 8,375.68 km2 or 8.09 % is under very-high-risk zone. On the basis of overall assessment of the basin, it can be said that very-high-risk and high risk areas are mostly located at the floodplain, steep slope and along major streams of the watershed. Medium risk areas are located at moderately steep areas and along major tributary streams, whereas low-risk areas are mostly located in tropical forests in the highland and rural area. Most area of Upper Chao Phraya River basin is under low-risk potential zone of hydrological hazards. However, the lower part of Upper Chao Phraya River basin such as paddy field, river terraces and plantation surfaces of the watershed has been identified as the very high risk potential. The framework of watershed management strategies have been developed by collecting and analyzing existing concepts of disaster mitigation and sustainable development. We hope that these strategies will provide a better management plans and techniques as well as improve planning related to the land, water, and other natural resources conservation and management. Finally, the framework developed from this study provides useful information to stockholder who can design appropriate guidelines for making environmental management decision. The results suggested that in regard to the spatial planning concept on developing method has focus on an integrated spatial approach to organize environment. I suggest that, the management strategies of Upper Chao Phraya River Basin for disaster mitigation and sustainable development are (1) Conservation and preservation: planning conservation activities to achieve ecological form according the actual local conditions. (2) Hazard mitigation: increasing the scale and number of green areas where would reduce impacts and increase benefits. (3) Sustainable development: thinking about the future, and long-term development.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 水土保持學系所
生物農學 > 生物環境與多樣性
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