Title

長期施用有機及化學肥料在水稻-玉米輪作系統下對土壤品質之影響

Translated Titles

Studies on the soil quality affected by long-term application of organic and chemical fertilizers under rice-corn rotation system

DOI

10.6845/NCHU.2008.01202

Authors

黃文欣

Key Words

土壤品質 ; 土壤品質指數 ; 最小資料組 ; 輪種系統 ; 化學肥料 ; 有機肥料 ; soil quality ; soil quality index ; minmum date set ; rotation system ; chemical fertilizer ; organic fertilizer

PublicationName

中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2008年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

陳仁炫

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

有機質肥料之施用及水旱輪作制度為增進土壤生產力的舉措,惟不同種類的有機質的分解速率及養分特性不同,對土壤中生產力的影響亦不同。本研究在於評估七種處理﹝對照組(Check)、傳統化學肥料組(C.F.) 、堆肥組(S.C.) 、堆肥 + 1/3 N組(S.C. + 1/3 N) 、堆肥 + 2/3 N組(S.C. + 2/3 N)、綠肥 + 1/3 N組(G.M. + 1/3 N)和泥炭 + 1/3 N組(Peat + 1/3 N)﹞的長期施用,配合水稻和玉米輪作系統,對單一土壤品質指標之影響,並藉由土壤品質指數(SQI)制度的建立以評估各處理對整體土壤品質影響的優劣。結果顯示,以單一因子作為各處理土壤對土壤品質之評估指標,常有偏頗及不一的缺乏,故以綜合不同土壤因子的土壤品質指數(SQI)的觀念和作法在評估各處理對土壤品質影響良窳較為適合。結果亦顯示,兩種作物採收後,以不同方法評估下所產生的土壤品質指數,在七處理中以施用有機質肥料之處理者均高於C.F. 處理及Check處理者,其中又以S.C. 和S.C. + 1/3 N兩處理的土壤品質指數最高。

English Abstract

The addition of organic fertilizers and rice-corn rotation system often used to improve soil productivity, however, the effects varied with the kinds of organic fertilizers with different decomposition rates and nutrient characterics. Seven treatments, including check, chemical ferilizer(C.F.), swine manure compost(S.C.), swine manure compost + 1/3 N(S.C. + 1/3 N), swine manure compost + 2/3 N(S.C. + 2/3 N), green manure + 1/3 N(G.M. + 1/3N), and peat + 1/3 N were used to study the effects of long-term application of organic and chemical fertilizers under rice-corn rotation on single soil quality indicator, and then evaluate the whole soil quality affected by each treatment by use of SQI system. Results showed biased conclusion was found using single factor to assess soil quality, and the concept and method of soil quality index(SQI) integrating different soil factors is better to evaluate the influence of each treatment. Results also showed that the soil quality index of the treatments applied with organic fertilizers evaluated by different methods after rice and corn harvested were higher than those of C.F. and Check treatments, and the highest SQI were found in the treatments of S.C. and S.C. + 1/3 N treatments.

Topic Category 農業暨自然資源學院 > 土壤環境科學系所
生物農學 > 生物環境與多樣性
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