Title

從浮現觀點探討生手應用參數式設計的可能

Translated Titles

Emergence in Parametric Design: A Study on Novice Designers’ Behavior When Employing Parametric Design Tools

DOI

10.6844/NCKU.2011.00565

Authors

葉懌泰

Key Words

參數式設計 ; 浮現 ; 非預期產出 ; 生手 ; 口語原案分析 ; parametric design ; emergence ; unexpected output ; novice ; protocol analysis

PublicationName

成功大學建築學系學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2011年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

簡聖芬

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

參數式設計是現今電腦輔助建築設計的趨勢之一,儘管國外建築領域已出現許多具有創造性的成果作品,但對於參數式設計過程的創造性,討論卻有限。而國內參數式設計的發展,目前仍在起步階段,參數式設計的使用者絕多數都是生手(novice),難以探討現有參數式設計成果的創造性價值。但在參數式設計過程中,非預期產出的浮現(emergence),卻具有刺激設計者感知,產生新認知的可能。特別對於生手來說,能擴大對參數模型建構方式或效果的新認知,雖然無法即時應用發展,卻是種創造性過程。因此本研究透過對於創造性與參數式設計的了解,來探討生手應用參數式設計的非預期產出,與設計創造性過程的關係,期望為對於參數式設計感興趣的設計者,提供一個探索的途徑與動力。 生手在進行參數式設計的過程中,出現的非預期產出,具有引發其新想法浮現的可能。參數式設計的非預期產出,起因於複雜變量與錯綜連結。複雜變量的產生來自於,生手在建構參數模型時,對於數學幾何的認知不足。而錯綜連結的產生則來自於,生手建構參數模型時,對於電腦程式的認知不足。因此在參數模型調整時,模型的變化結果,超出生手當初建構模型的認知範圍,而使其感知到更多模型建構與變化的可能。 本研究透過口語原案分析(verbal protocol analysis),以參數式設計訓練在五年以下的生手,進行參數式設計、非參數式電腦輔助設計以及手繪的設計實驗,探討參數式設計與傳統工具不同之處與潛力。結果發現三種設計過程中,都具有非預期產出,其中參數式設計引發之非預期產出次數最頻繁,且傾向引發設計者對於問題的重新探討。雖然參數式設計過程中多數的非預期產出,並沒有被受測者採納進而發展,但仍擴大設計者對於參數式設計操作的認知。 從實驗過程中非預期產出多次導致設計進行膠著的情況來看,目前參數式設計的訓練,對於能夠得心應手地操作設計來說是不夠的。一般而言,設計越是熟練的專家,就越懂得去探索設計的問題,理解設計問題的構成關鍵,了解可以有哪些模型建構方式,以及各個模型能探索的範圍。後續研究宜探討參數式設計專家的設計行為,以對其成果的創造性有進一步理解。而參數式設計能引發設計者重新探討設計問題的特色,顯示參數式設計具有能幫助生手自我學習的優點,也是未來研究值得探索參數式設計工具的教學功效。

English Abstract

Parametric design is a recent trend in computer-aided architectural design. Although, around the world, there are many amazing buildings achieved through parametric design methods, the discussions about the creative process in parametric design is limited. Using parametric design methods, architects can rapidly generate design alternatives, which in turn may promote reflections and re-examinations of design problems. This process may help novice designers to broaden their understanding of design problems and foster their creativity. This research explores the relationship between unexpected outputs generated through parametric design tools and the design creative process. For a novice designer, unexpected outputs bring possibilities of new ideas. Unexpected outputs are caused by complex parameters and mistaken links between input and output data. Complex-parameter induced unexpected outputs are mainly resulted from the lack of understanding in computer programming. Mistaken-link induced unexpected outputs are mainly resulted from the lack of understanding in Mathematics and Geometry. This research conducted empirical studies to observe how novice designers behave while encountering unexpected outputs using various kinds of design tools. In total, three participants, each of which performed three design tasks with tools of parametric design software, non-parametric design software or sketches with pen and pencil. The results through protocol analysis showed that unexpected outputs occurred in all design experiments. Participants using parametric tools tend to redefine design problems more often than using the other two kinds of tools. The space of design solutions was expanded even though most unexpected outputs were not adopted for further design development. It has been observed in the design experiments that unexpected outputs hindered the design process, even when the designer is familiar with the design tool. An experienced designer may overcome such hindrances with systematical explorations of design problems and alternatives. Therefore, understanding how experienced designers behave while employing parametric design tools is a key future research. In addition, if parametric tools may promote designers’ reflections on design problems, these tools may help novice designers to advance their design capabilities. Therefore, employing parametric design tools as design teaching/learning tools may warrant future research as well.

Topic Category 規劃與設計學院 > 建築學系
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
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Times Cited
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