Title

社區社會資本與華人社區行動的連結—本土社會資本理論的建構

Translated Titles

The Linking of Social Capital to Social Actions in the Chinese Community-The Construction of Native Social Capital Theory

DOI

10.6844/NCKU.2013.00963

Authors

薛峪霖

Key Words

社會資本 ; 關係 ; 社會網絡 ; 方法論的關係主義 ; 儒家關係主義 ; social capital ; guanxi ; social network ; methodological relationalism ; Confucian social relations

PublicationName

成功大學政治經濟研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2013年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

丁仁方

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

社會資本(social capital)作為社會科學界廣泛關注的一項學術概念,其在西方社會與華人社會的運作裡,皆為一種極為重要的內涵。但因為該理論是以個人主義為結合基礎的西方社會為觀察對象,因此其所指涉的特定現象,經常是西方社會所出現的一些特性,並不足完全解釋以家族或團體主義為結合基礎的華人社會。有鑑於華人社會裡常討論的「關係」(guanxi)與社會資本有概念相似之處,本文旨在構築社會資本理論的本土化,即提出包納「關係」概念的社會資本理論,並用此解釋華人社區的行動連結。 據此,本文的問題意識為探究包納「關係」層面的社會資本理論如何解釋社區行動的模式與連結。換言之,為何華人社會其所構成的社會網絡會是社區行動的重要因子?而社區行動過程的人情動力運作與成果是否有「關係」因子以及如何相關連?本文借用何友暉(1998)所提出之「方法論的關係主義」(methodological relationalism)、黃光國(2009)提出之「儒家關係主義」與Robert Putnam的社會資本論作概念辯證,初步建構包納「關係」層面的本土化社會資本理論。 本文認為華人社會那「關係」層面的社會資本,會討論到做人情、做面子等問題,許多問題無法僅用量化研究完成,因此,本文以訪談資料補充量化資料,是為方法上的三角檢證(triangulation)。本文先透過問卷調查,經由探索性因素分析,檢測社區社會資本與社區行動間的關係;其次,輔以半結構式的深度訪談進行資料的分析。訪談對象的選取採用立意抽樣,選擇特定、具代表性的社造工作者,這樣的選樣理由是:以社造工作者為圓心所開展的社會關係網絡,其關係網絡質、量的展現必然相對強化,有助於本文釐清關係網絡與社區行動間關聯。 研究發現,社會資本會影響社區行動的形成,其對社區行動模式的影響,本文歸納出以下三種模式:第一,自發領導性;第二,制度設計性;第三資源挹注性。這幾種結果,恰恰呼應並為本文所建構之本土化社會資本理論提供檢證。

English Abstract

For social science field, social capital has been an academic concept and widely discussed. That was a critical connotation when it worked in the Western society and the Chinese Community. In the Western society, the base of social capital theory was Individualism, differ from familism and collectivism in the Chinese Community, therefore the Western specific phenomenon could not provide good explanations for the Chinese Community. In view of the “guanxi” concept was similar with social capital, this study constructed a native social capital theory, included “guanxi” concept to explain the linking of social capital to social actions. The main question of this study is how to apply the native social capital theory to explain the linking of social capital to social actions and social action patterns. In other words, why the social network in the Chinese Community is a vital variable to social actions? And how the favor power in the Chinese Community linked “guanxi” concept? This study refer to Ho, Yau-Fai (1998) proposed “methodological relationalism“, Hwang, Kwang-Kuo (2009) proposed “Confucian social relations” and the theory of social capital by Robert Putnam, to construct the native social capital theory. This study considered that it cannot only use quantitative research to comprehend the favor situation and face situation of the native social capital theory. Consequently, this study use triangulation to be research method, used questionnaire and in-depth interview simultaneously. First, this study applies exploratory factor analysis to measure the relations between social capital and social actions. Second, this study applies semistructed interviews to analyze thesis data. About the sampling of qualitative method, this study selected the purposeful sampling. The purposeful sampling included the person of community empowerment; all of them presented the particular and representative. This study confirmed the social network of the person of community empowerment, its social network strengthened then others. It will assist this study to clarify the linking of social capital to social actions. This study discovered: social capital can effect social actions. It can generalize three patterns: one is the spontaneous leading; another is the institutional designing; and the other is recourse injecting. These consequence provided the examination for native social capital theory constructing.

Topic Category 社會科學院 > 政治經濟研究所
社會科學 > 經濟學
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