Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aaron Ciechanover, A.O.A.L.S. (2000). Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis: biological regulation via destruction. BioEssays 22, 442-451.
  2. Aguilar, R.C., and Wendland, B. (2003). Ubiquitin: not just for proteasomes anymore. Current Opinion in Cell Biology 15, 184-190.
  3. Andersen, P., Kragelund, B.B., Olsen, A.N., Larsen, F.H., Chua, N.-H., Poulsen, F.M., and Skriver, K. (2004). Structure and Biochemical Function of a Prototypical Arabidopsis U-box Domain. J. Biol. Chem. 279, 40053-40061.
  4. Bachmair, A., Novatchkova, M., Potuschak, T., and Eisenhaber, F. (2001). Ubiquitylation in plants: a post-genomic look at a post-translational modification. Trends in plant science 6, 463-470.
  5. Bernard, P., and Couturier, M. (1992). Cell killing by the F plasmid CcdB protein involves poisoning of DNA-topoisomerase II complexes. Journal of Molecular Biology 226, 735-745.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林盈涵(2009)。阿拉伯芥中 AtMAPR 家族蛋白質與其潛在自身泛素化修飾功能之研究。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2009。1-119。
  2. 薛仕昕(2009)。以RING E3蛋白質作為誘餌進行酵母菌雙雜合系統分析。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2009。1-103。
  3. 高艾玲(2010)。阿拉伯芥 AtMAPRs 之分子特性研究。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2010。1-221。
  4. 邱佩琦(2010)。泛素化修飾分析方法之再探討。臺灣大學微生物與生化學研究所學位論文。2010。1-105。
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