Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方聖文(2009)。幼兒就學準備度相關因素之比較研究-以台北縣、宜蘭縣為例。國立政治大學幼兒教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 鄭雅方(2009)。幼兒就學準備度評量之研究。國立政治大學幼兒教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 簡淑真(1992)。蒙特梭利教學與單元設計教學對幼兒發展影響之比較研究。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC80-0301-H003-20)。台北市:國立台灣師範大學教育學系。
  4. 蘇建文等(1998)。發展心理學。臺北:心理。
  5. Burke, J. F., & Burke, W. M. (2005). Student-ready schools. Childhood education: Annual Theme, 81(5), 281-285.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪秀華(2017)。蒙特梭利教師教學引導策略對幼兒五大領域均衡學習與情緒影響之探究。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文。2017。1-151。 
  2. 吳盈諄(2012)。幼兒執行功能與就學準備度之研究。政治大學幼兒教育所學位論文。2012。1-236。
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