Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 214 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 民88年,「我國基金會之問題與健全之道」,中國行政評論,第8卷,第3
    2. 李宛蓉譯,Francis Fukuyama著
    3. 治大學社會學報第28期
    4. 鄧方(譯),Coleman, J. S.
    5. 龍冠海主編(1985)社會學。台北:台灣商務。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 姜博超(2007)。偏遠地區小學裁併政策之研究─民主行政理論的觀點。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2007。1-123。
    2. 林正德(2008)。臺北市區公所如何營造民主參與的公民社會:新公共服務途徑。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2008。1-195。
    3. 張麗(2008)。從羅蘭.巴特的符號論解讀「新公共服務論」的意義。暨南大學公共行政與政策學系學位論文。2008。1-204。
    4. 蔡芷欣(2015)。臺灣現行村里制度研究—以新公共服務觀點論析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-114。
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