Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林嬌能,2011,「家族企業、盈餘平穩化與權益資金成本之相關性」,當代會計,12卷1期:頁57-83。
  2. 李同龢、顧裔芳、王姿斐、陳海敏,2005,「經理人藉盈餘管理影響信用評等之探討」,會計與公司治理,2卷2期:頁1-24。
  3. 黃玉麗、沈中華,2009,「盈餘管理對銀行債務資金成本之影響--信用評等觀點」,管理學報,26卷6期:頁599-623。
  4. 薛健宏,2008,「董監持股、盈餘平穩化與企業風險之關連性研究」,會計評論,第46期:107-130。
  5. Ashbaugh-Skaife, H., D. Collins and R. LaFond. 2006. The Effects of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Credit Ratings. Journal of Accounting and Economics 42, 203-243.
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