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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳佩珊 (2008). 雞CD40L及趨化素之研究. 獸醫微生物學研究所. 中興大學, 台灣台中.
    2. Alexander, D.J. (2000) Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses. Rev Sci Tech 19(2), 443-62.
    3. Ballagi-Pordany, A., Wehmann, E., Herczeg, J., Belak, S. and Lomniczi, B. (1996) Identification and grouping of Newcastle disease virus strains by restriction site analysis of a region from the F gene. Arch Virol 141(2), 243-61.
    4. Barr, T.A., Carlring, J. and Heath, A.W. (2006) Co-stimulatory agonists as immunological adjuvants. Vaccine 24(17), 3399-407.
    5. Barr, T.A., McCormick, A.L., Carlring, J. and Heath, A.W. (2003) A potent adjuvant effect of CD40 antibody attached to antigen. Immunology 109(1), 87-92.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃智佑(2012)。表現免疫調節蛋白及家禽IBV S1次單位。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2012。1-63。
    2. 賴鈺雅(2015)。評估改造之細胞素做為家禽新城病疫苗佐劑。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2015。1-68。
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