* Airiti Library,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處,(1985∼2005),台灣地區家庭收支調查報告。
  2. 衛生署,(2005),衛生統計(一):公務統計,台北:行政院衛生署編印。
  3. Becker, G.S.(1965),”Theory of the Allocation of Time.”, Economic Journal,75:493-517.
  4. Chiswick,Barry R. and Jacob Mincer(1972),Time-Series in Personal Income Inequality in the United States from 1939 with Projections to 1985, Journal of Political Economy,3,S34-S66.
  5. Culyer A.J.(1990), “Cost Containment in Europe,”in OECD, 1990 Health Care Systems in Transition,Paris:OECD.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玉舫(2008)。家庭背景與教育支出:台灣的實證研究。淡江大學經濟學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-45。 
  2. 黃竹君(2011)。台灣家庭結構與國中生補習支出之實證分析。成功大學經濟學系學位論文。2011。1-88。 
  3. 鄭景名(2010)。台灣飲食消費分配不均與影響因素之探討。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-70。 
  4. 周宇溱(2011)。台灣家庭醫療支出與旅遊支出之影響因素分析—家庭生命週期理論之應用。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2011。1-88。
  5. 王新慧(2013)。維他命的需求及醫療利用分析。臺北大學經濟學系學位論文。2013。1-75。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :