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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 202 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張亞中主編。2003年。《國際關係總論》。台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 黃立、李貴英、林彩瑜合著。2000年。《WTO國際貿易法論》。台北:元照出版有限公司。
  3. 經濟部國際貿易局編印。2003年。《烏拉圭回合多邊談判協定》。台北:經濟部國際貿易局。
  4. 楊光華主編。2003年。《WTO新議題與新挑戰》。台北:元照出版有限公司。
  5. 羅伯特•基歐漢(Robert O. Keohane)。2001年。蘇長和、信強、何曜譯。《霸權之後─世界政治經濟中的合作與紛爭》。上海:上海人民出版社。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王致祥(2010)。GATS下之美印醫療服務貿易自由化協商。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2010。1-203。 
  2. 黃薇華(2008)。歐盟共同農業政策在農業貿易自由化趨勢下改革之研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2008。1-187。
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