Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] M. Arik, J. Petroski, and S. Weaver, “Thermal Challenges in the Future Generation Solid State Lighting Application: Light Emitting Diodes,” 2002 Inter Society Conf. On Thermal Phenomena, p. 113, 2002
  2. [2] J. Petroski, “Thermal Challenges Facing New Generation Light Emitting Diodes (LED) for Lighting Applications,” Solid State Lighting, Proc. of SPIE, Vol. 4776, p. 215, 2002
  3. [3] F. M.Steranka et al., “High Power LEDs Technology Status and Market Application,” Phys. Stat. sol.(a)194, No.2, p. 380, 2002
  4. [5] H. Sugawara, M. Ishikawa, and G. Hatakoshi, “High Efficiency InGaAlP/GaAs Visible Light Emitting Diodes,” App. Phys. Lett., vol. 58, p. 1010, 1991.
  5. [6] H. Sugawara, M. Ishikawa, and G. Hatakoshi, “High Brightness InGaAlP Green Light Emitting Diodes,” App. Phys. Lett., vol. 61, p. 1752, 1992.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳佳汝(2010)。高功率發光二極體之熱管理與界面反應。中興大學化學工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-76。
  2. 田慶糧(2011)。超高亮度/超散熱高壓式發光二極體製程之研究。中興大學精密工程學系所學位論文。2011。1-58。
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