Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 354 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張顯奎譯(2001),時代生活圖書出版公司編輯部著,《第三帝國:殺人機器》。海口:海南出版社。
  2. 李玫憲、洪銘德(2011),〈當前歐盟氣候治理策略的發展與挑戰-從氣候難民問題分析〉,《政治學報》,第52期,頁1-28。
  3. 沈玄池(2015),〈近期歐洲難民問題之根源與發展〉,《全球政治評論》,第52期,頁1-10。
  4. 張台麟(2006),〈法國否決「歐洲聯盟憲法草案」的背景及其影響〉,《國際關係學報》,第21期,頁15-43。
  5. 陳顯武、連雋偉(2008),〈從「歐盟憲法」至「里斯本條約」的歐盟人權保障初探-以「歐盟基本權利憲章」為重點〉,《台灣國際研究季刊》,第4卷第1期,頁25-45。
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