Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱毓政(2007)。《基層官僚政策執行裁量行為之研究─以基層員警執行交通違規舉發為例》。國立台北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 廖宗侯(2006)。《社會救助制度中村里幹事的審查行為與影響因素之探討—以台中縣為例》。國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系碩士論文,未出版,南投。
  3. 謝忠安(2008)。《村里基層行政人員民主價值觀與行政裁量之探析》。國立政治大學公共行政研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. Appleby, Paul H. 1949. Policy and Administration. AL: University of Alabama Press.
  5. Bryner, G. C. (1987). Bureaucratic Discretion: Law and Policy in Federal Regulatoty Ageinces. NY: Pergamon Press.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡旼珊(2012)。嘉義市警察人格特質對其交通違規執法裁量行為之影響。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。
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