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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭月、張有明、沈百奎、王毓華、劉邦基。2005。利用RAPD與 ISSR分子標誌鑑定西瓜品種。台灣農業研究 54:257-269。
  2. 范明仁、羅舜芳、王昭月、許庭榮、曹文隆、楊金興、鄭耀星。1999。臺灣落花生種原親緣關係之研究Ⅱ. 應用RAPD進行落花生種原親緣關係之研究。中華農業研究48(2):67-85。
  3. 范明仁、王昭月、羅舜芳、許庭榮、L. M. Engle。2001。應用多型性分子標誌進行番椒屬(Capsicum spp.)種原種內與種間遺傳歧異度之分析。中華農業研究50(4):29-42。
  4. 陳福旗、溫英杰、黃碧娥、李弘文。1989。桃品種間同功異構酶變異性之研究。
  5. 莊淑貞、王小華、胡澤寬。2002。單雜交青割玉米品種胚部SSR(simple sequence repeat)標誌在種子純度鑑定的應用。農林學報 51(4):9-18。
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