Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱景鵬、吳松林,研考雙月刊第 34 卷第 6 期,我國區域治理發展脈絡與展望,2010。
  2. 孫允儀,亞太地區港埠競爭力與台灣地區港埠經營策略之研究,2007 。
  3. 陳冠位,城市競爭優勢評量體系之研究,成功大學城市計畫研究所博士論文,2002。
  4. 楊清喬,廠商在自由貿易港區內投資之影響因素研究,《國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所碩士學位論文》,2003 。
  5. 蕭丁訓、張志清、林光、陳基國臺灣港埠發展加值型服務港埠之啟思,《航運季刊》第十六卷第四期頁61∼80,2007 。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李承翰(2015)。建構港灣城市之關鍵成功因素。中興大學會計學研究所學位論文。2015。1-50。
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