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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. MUZAFFER EUSUFF,KEVIN LANSEY and FAYZUL PASHA,『Shuffled frog-leaping algorithm: a memetic meta-heuristic for discrete Optimization』,Enginnering Optimization Vol.38,No2,March,129-154(2003)
  2. 2. Emad Elbeltagia , Tarek Hegazyb , 1 , Donald Griersonb , 2, ,『Comparison among five evolutionary-based Optimization algorithms』,Advancedv Engineering Informatics 19.43-53(2005)
  3. 3. 陳憲宗(1998) ,灰色預測在進流預報之應用,國立成功大大學水利及海洋工程研究所碩士論文。
  4. 6. 徐福燦(2005) ,灰色理論應用於颱風降雨量推估之研究-以嘉義地區為例,國立成功大大學水利及海洋工程研究所碩士論文。
  5. 7. 李傳煒(2007) ,濁水溪沖積扇地區地下水之探討與預測研究,國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
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