Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾志祥,探討固定纖維素水解酵素於幾丁聚醣擔體之研究,國立中央大學化學工程與材料工程研究所碩士論文,2007。
  2. 陳靜儀,固定化纖維素分解酵素於微藻細胞壁水解之研究,國立成功大學化學工程學系碩士論文,2008。
  3. Abdul, A.B. and Pethrick, R.A. (1982). "Ultrasonic studies of aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohol." Polymer 23: 1446-1450.
  4. Araujo, A.M., André, T.S., et al. (1996). "The Use of Polyvinyl Alcohol Glutaraldehyde as Solid-phase in ELISA for Plague.Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz." Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 91: 195-198.
  5. Belfort, G., Davis, R.H., et al. (1994). "The behavior of the suspensions and macromolecule solutions in crossflow microfiltration." Journal of Membrane Science 96: 1-58.
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