Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.周旭華,歐洲共同體在 GATT/WTO 體系下的談判及締約行為--法律面分析,問題與研究,台北,第四十卷第六期,民國九十年十一、十二月,第一○一至一二五頁。
  2. 3.況正吉,歐盟東擴進程及其面臨之挑戰,問題與研究,台北,第四十二卷第五期,民國九十二年九、十月,第二十五至四十八頁。
  3. 6.黃偉峰,剖析歐洲聯盟正在成型的治理體系,歐美研究,第三十三卷第二期,民國九十二年六月,第二百九十一至三百四十四頁。
  4. 15.蘇宏達,論網路資源在台灣歐盟研究中的角色,問題與研究,台北,第四十二卷第五期,民國九十二年九、十月,第八十一至一百一十三頁。
  5. 2.Draft Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe, The European Convention, The Secretariat, Brussels, 18 July 2003.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秉樺(2012)。全球化下國家主權變遷與兩岸主權問題研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2012。1-208。
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